Alternative Work Schedules
Alternative work schedules are based on adjustments in the normal work schedule rather than in the job contentor activities. Three major types of alternative workschedules are flextime, the compressed workweek, and jobsharing.
- is a work schedule that specifies certain corehours when individuals are expected to be on the job and then allows flexibility in starting and quitting times as long as individuals work the total number of required hours per day (e.g., a company may have core hours between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m.; workers may than choose various schedules, such as 7 a.m. to 4 p.m. or 10 a.m.to 7 p.m., that comprise 8 hours of work per day and include the core hours). Flextime has been a successful innovation, and its use appears to be growing at a rate of about 1.5 percent year.
- The compressed workweek
- is a work schedule whereby employees work for 10 hour days or similar combination, rather than usual five 8hour days. The schedule has had a major positive effect on productivity by cutting the number of shifts and time consuming changeovers from three to two. However, according to one study, the compressed workweek had initially led to greater worker job satisfaction and higher performance, but the positive effects disappeared within 2 years.
- Job sharing
- is a work practice in which two or more people share a single fulltime job (e.g., mothers attempting to juggle both home and work activities). With job sharing, one person can work in the morning and the other in the afternoon, or they can alternate days or develop some other workable sharing schedule. On survey of 348 U.S. and Canadian firms found that 11 percent had job sharing.