Miller's Matches Of Structure And Strategy
Using four of Mintzberg's configurations Danny Miller attempted to match strategies with appropriate structures.
Miller matched the four structural configurations (simple structure, machine bureaucracy, divisionalized form, and adhocracy) with strategies similar to Porter's competitive strategies. Miller left out the precessional bureaucracy because, for the most part, professional bureaucracies are not business organizations.
The main strategies that Miller considered are:
- niche differentiation (equivalent to Porter's focus strategy using differentiation);
- cost leadership (equivalent to Porter's cost leadership strategy);
- innovative differentiation (similar to Porter's differentiation strategy but more narrowly oriented, specifically to sophisticated innovations);
- market differentiation (similar to Porter's differentiation strategy but more narrowly oriented, specifically to market approaches).
Source: Based on Danny Miller, "Configurations of Strategy and Structure: Towards as Synthesis," Strategic Management Journal, vol. 7, 1986, pp. 233249; and Dany Miller, "Relating Porter's Business Strategies to Environment and Structure: Analysis and Performance Implications," Academy of Management Journal, vol, 31, pp. 280308.
Miller also considered the appropriateness of the environment for the strategystructure combinations, following much of the logic involved in Mintzberg's typology of structural configurations.